The teaching of Phonics is an integral part of the curriculum in both the Foundation and Key Stage 1 classrooms.
We use the National Phonics Programme 'Letters and Sounds' to structure our phonics teaching which we supplement with the Jolly Phonics scheme and our own interactive resources. Jolly Phonics teaches children an action for each sound, which supports those who learn in an active way.
Initially children's listening skills are developed through the use of music, environmental sounds and rhyme. During their journey through the Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 they are taught the 44 phonemes (sounds) that make up all the sounds required for reading and spelling. These phonemes include those made by just one letter 'e as in egg' and those that are made by two 'ai as in rain or three letters 'igh as in high'.
Children are taught the key skills of blending sounds together for reading and segmenting (breaking up) words for spelling.
As the children grow in confidence and experience, they are introduced to alternative ways of representing the same sound, eg 'ee' can be represented as 'ee, as in bee', 'ea as in tea', 'e-e as in theme' and 'e as in we'. They also learn when to apply simple spelling rules and use verbs in the correct tense.
These skills are built upon as children progress through Key Stage 2 and we offer further support to those children who require additional phonics practice and consolidation after leaving Key Stage 1.
We ensure that our teaching of phonics is rigorous, structured and enjoyable. In Reception to Year 2, children have discrete, daily phonics sessions where they are introduced to new phonemes, can practise and revise previous learning and have plenty of opportunities to apply the knowledge they have.
We use a range of multisensory strategies to enthuse and engage the children, including the use of visualizer whiteboards, magnetic letters, speaking and listening, songs, rhymes and practical activities. Children work with pace and are encouraged to apply their knowledge across the curriculum with any reading or writing activities.